Video #1: Aircraft Walkaround

Video #1: Having a meander round the aircraft, seeing what everything does before we delve any deeper.

Script (with weird spellings and many comma’s thanks to the kindly American gentleman narrator!)

Hello, and welcome to the first (and hopefully not last) profpilot dot co dot ewe kay flight training video!

I hate my own voice, so I am using this helpful American Gentleman to do the narration on my behalf. Thanks, Helpful American Gentleman!

This first video will be going over the basic features that exist on most aircraft, so this should be useful whether you are going to learn on one of those french Robin 200’s, a cessna one fifty, or even a bee 52.

The example aircraft I will mainly use in this video is a Piper Cherokee, just because I learnt on this type, and it is quite a common training aircraft. Maybe you, too, will have the pleasure, thrill, and joy.

So first things first. this, is an aeroplane. The main features on an aeroplane include the wings, (which are one of the more important parts of a plane), the empennage, which is the whole of that back construction there, the fuselage, which is where the cockpit is and where all the
passengers and baggage liv, and the engine compartment, which contains the engine.

Looking at these sections in more detail. there are several parts to the wing. The part of the wing that attaches it to the rest of the aircraft is called the wing root. The opposite to the wing root is the wing tip which is at the tip of the wing. There is also the leading edge
which is the very front of the wing, and the trailing edge, which is, you guessed it, the very back. We also have moving surfaces on the wing to help us control the plane. these are the ailerons, and they are usually situated on the outer part of the wing. More on these in
a later video. In addition, the flaps, shown here on the wing, are used to help to create extra lift, and slow us down when we are coming in for landing, which is always helpful.

To the empennage now! What thrill. The empennage is made up of the horizontal stabileiser, and the vertical stabileiser. Again, a thrilling installment awaits you in a later video regarding these, however, for the time being I will say that they help to keep the aircraft in control. If you did not have them, vomit churning madly around the cabin would be the least of your concerns, as you plunged towards the ground, in a wildly twisting fashion. The empennage is also made up of the rudder which controls the aircraft in yaw, and the elevators, which control the aircraft in pitch.

The fuselage contains the cockpit, the seats and the baggage compartment. This front window is what you look out of to see where you are going. Here is you on your first lesson. Ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, you scared ie cat! Don’t be nervous. These other windows are for the passengers to gaze out of, and
also for you the pilot to use when looking out to avoid other airborne traffic, which might be approaching, that could really ruin your day. On this aircraft there is only one door, on the other side of the fuselage, which is comforting. You get to it by climbing over the wing, which is always a very dignified process. Some aircraft have better systems of entry, others worse. Much worse.

The engine is in the engine compartment, and in the aircraft you will be flying for your PPL, this will probably be a six cylinder air cooled engine. The propeller takes the power generated by the engine, and uses it to push air backwards, and therefore pull the rest of the
aircraft forwards. This Triangular thing in front of the propeller is the spinner, which is a fairing fitted over the hub of the propeller to help make everything more aerodynamic and save you from shrivelly wallet syndrome, at least a little bit.

Another quite handy thing to have on an aircraft is landing gear, and these are the wheels on the aircraft. In this drawing they are covered in those red fairings to help make them more aerodynamic and save some fuel and money. These do have the annoying side effect of
getting filled with grass, soil, and occasionally small animals, so your aircraft may just have the naked landing gear, like this.

So, that is the Cherokee described. It is a low wing aircraft, (which means the wings are attached to the lower portion of fuselage). It also has a low tailplane, (meaning the horizontal stabileiser is attached to the lower part of the empennage), and a tricycle undercarriage, meaning it has a nosewheel.

You can also get high wing aircraft though, like this cessna. As you can see from my masterful artistic ability, the wings are attached to the top of the fuselage. This Yak is sporting the attractive mid-winged look, called such because the wing is in the middle of the fuselage. In both cases, the structure of the wings are fundamentally the same in that they have wing roots, wing tips, ailerons and flaps etc.

High tailplane aircraft look like this – so you should be able to guess why they are also known as t-tail aircraft. Again it still has a vertical stabileiser, elevators, rudders and the like, it is just the positioning of the horizontal stabileiser that is different.

This is an example of a taildragger aircraft. As you can it rests on it’s tail as opposed to it’s nose.

Hopefully this explains the fundamentals of an aircraft for you. If your instructor tells you something different, do what they say! I take no responsibility if something untoward happens.

Next video will be showing how an aircraft creates lift, and how this is utilised to control the aircraft in pitch, roll, and yaw. If you have started training already PLEASE go to dot ewe kay and have a perusal, maybe leave a review for your flight school, or post in
our forum. Thanks!

I Love you! Bye!

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